What Diseases Affect The Pituitary Gland?

What is the main function of pituitary gland?

The pituitary gland is called the ‘master gland’ as the hormones it produces control so many different processes in the body.

It senses the body’s needs and sends signals to different organs and glands throughout the body to regulate their function and maintain an appropriate environment..

Does brain MRI show pituitary gland?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan MRI images are usually more detailed than those from CT scans (see below). They can show macroadenomas of the pituitary gland, as well as most microadenomas. But MRI might not detect microadenomas that are smaller than 3 mm (about 1/8 inch) across.

What are the symptoms of pituitary gland disorders?

What are pituitary symptoms?Headaches.Vision problems.Unexplained weight gain.Loss of libido.Feeling dizzy and nauseous.Pale complexion.Muscle wasting.Coarsening of facial features.More items…

What does damage to the pituitary gland cause?

As a pituitary tumor increases in size, it can compress and damage pituitary tissue, interfering with hormone production. A tumor can also compress the optic nerves, causing visual disturbances. In addition to tumors, certain diseases or events that cause damage to the pituitary gland may also trigger hypopituitarism.

Does the pituitary gland affect the immune system?

Your pituitary gland, a pea-sized organ in your brain and behind your nose, produces hormones that affect many aspects of your health from your growth to your immune system.

What is pituitary gland failure?

Pituitary gland failure or apoplexy is the sudden failure of the pituitary gland. This can happen because of severe bleeding or a loss of oxygen to the tissues of the pituitary gland causing tissue death. These events can happen either within the pituitary gland itself or within tumor inside the pituitary gland.

How do you fix your pituitary gland?

Glucocorticoids (for example, hydrocortisone) are used to treat adrenal insufficiency resulting from ACTH deficiency. Thyroid hormone replacement therapy is used for hypothyroidism (a condition in which thyroid production is low). Drugs, such as levothyroxine (for example, Synthroid, Levoxyl), may be used.

How do you test for pituitary gland problems?

DiagnosisBlood tests. These tests measure your hormone levels. … Stimulation or dynamic testing. These tests also measure your hormone levels. … Brain imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or high-resolution computerized tomography (CT) of your brain can detect a pituitary tumor or other pituitary gland problems.Vision tests.

What happens if your pituitary gland isn’t working properly?

For example, if the pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone in a child, they may have a permanently short stature. If it doesn’t produce enough follicle-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone, it might cause problems with sexual function, menstruation, and fertility.

Can the pituitary gland repair itself?

The results, explains Vankelecom, show that the pituitary gland is capable of repairing itself – even in adults: “If the pituitary gland is damaged shortly after birth, recovery occurs swiftly because everything is still plastic.

What does a pituitary tumor headache feel like?

A person with pituitary tumor apoplexy usually has a sudden-onset, severe headache at the front of the head (either located on one side of the head or both) and/or behind one or both eyes.

How can you live without a pituitary gland?

This is because it controls many other hormone glands in the body. According to The Pituitary Foundation, without it, the body wouldn’t reproduce, wouldn’t grow properly and many other bodily functions just wouldn’t function.

How long can you have a pituitary tumor?

Additionally, a tumor may recur 20 years or more after the original treatment. If the tumor was producing a hormone that caused particular symptoms (Cushing’s, Acromegaly, prolactin tumor), the patient is usually the first to recognize this.