Quick Answer: What Does Poor Health Literacy Mean?

What are the four domains of health literacy?

In this article, we propose an expanded model of health literacy characterized by four domains: fundamental literacy (reading, writing, speaking and numeracy), science literacy, civic literacy and cultural literacy..

What are the levels of health literacy?

The four literacy levels are (1) below basic, (2) basic, (3) intermediate, and (4) proficient.

How can nurses help with health literacy?

Nurses must also integrate patient health literacy efforts seamlessly into patient-provider interactions, create a judgement-free environment for reviewing medication terminology, and use non-clinical terms and patient teach-back to reinforce literacy reviews.

How does literacy affect health?

Patients with low literacy had poorer health outcomes, including knowledge, intermediate disease markers, measures of morbidity, general health status, and use of health resources. Patients with low literacy were generally 1.5 to 3 times more likely to experience a given poor outcome.

What is an example of health literacy?

For example, it includes the ability to understand instructions on prescription drug bottles, appointment slips, medical education brochures, doctor’s directions and consent forms, and the ability to negotiate complex health care systems.

Why is health literacy so important?

Health literacy skills allow patients to take control of their own well-being by making smart healthcare choices, improving their communication with doctors and giving them the information they need to advocate for themselves in a medical setting. Without health literacy, patients can suffer real consequences.

How can I improve my health literacy?

Here are some easy ways to help build your health literacy and become a better patient and health advocate for yourself.Ask questions. And make sure you get the answers to those questions, says the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. … Be your own pharmacist. … Tell the truth. … Bring someone with you.

How is health literacy defined?

Health literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information needed to make appropriate health decisions.

Who is at risk for health literacy?

Low health literacy is associated with patients who are older, have limited education, lower income, chronic conditions, and those who are non-native English speakers. Approximately 80 million adults in the United States are estimated to have limited or low health literacy.

How can hospitals improve health literacy?

Make sure that you can identify patients with low health literacy. … Make sure to use plain language. … Learn how to focus the message. … Make sure that you can identify patients with low health literacy. … Make sure to use plain language. … Learn how to focus the message.

How do you teach health literacy?

Strategies Recommended for Clear CommunicationAssess patients’ baseline understanding before providing extensive information. … Explain things clearly using plain language. … Emphasize 1 to 3 key points. … Effectively encourage patients to ask questions. … Use a teach-back to confirm patient understanding.More items…

What causes low health literacy?

A number of factors may influence an individual’s health literacy, including living in poverty, education, race/ethnicity, age, and disability. Adults living below the poverty level have lower health literacy than adults living above the poverty level.

What are the three levels of health literacy?

The data were analyzed based on three levels of health literacy: the basic, communicative, and critical level.