Quick Answer: What Are The 2 Types Of Malnutrition?

What is the main treatment for malnutrition?

Dietary changes are the main treatment for malnutrition.

If you’re undernourished, you may need to increase the nutritional content of your food, with or without taking nutritional supplements..

What is the best vitamin for malnutrition?

Niacin is another mineral that helps the body convert food into energy. It’s also known as vitamin B-3.

What is the normal Muac?

MUAC of between 125mm (12.5cm) and 135mm (13.5cm), YELLOW COLOUR, indicates that the child is at risk for acute malnutrition and should be counselled and followed-up for Growth Promotion and Monitoring (GPM). MUAC over 135mm (13.5cm), GREEN COLOUR, indicates that the child is well nourished.

What is the difference between primary and secondary protein energy malnutrition?

Malnutrition and Immune Function However, prolonged primary PEM can result in serious and irreversible changes in organ function and growth. Secondary PEM results from illnesses, injuries, or treatments that alter appetite, digestion, absorption, or metabolism and have similar effects.

What are the types of malnutrition diseases?

Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. … There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals. … Low weight-for-height is known as wasting. … Low height-for-age is known as stunting.More items…•

What is malnutrition answer?

Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions.

What is primary and secondary malnutrition?

Secondary malnutrition arises when an individual’s dietary intake is sufficient, but energy is not adequately absorbed by the body as a result of infectious conditions such as diarrhoea, measles or parasitic infections, or medical or surgical problems affecting the digestive system.

How do I know if I’m malnourished?

Some signs and symptoms of malnutrition include: a lack of appetite or interest in food or drink. tiredness and irritability. an inability to concentrate.

What is the primary cause of malnutrition?

The factors responsible for primary malnutrition include household food insecurity, poverty, poor nutrition of women during pregnancy, intrauterine growth restriction, low birth weight, poor breast- feeding and inappropriate complementary feeding, frequent infectious illnesses, poor quality of water, sanitation and …

What is the most common form of malnutrition?

Obesity-the most prevalent form of malnutrition.

What happens to your body when you are malnourished?

slower immune response which increases the risk of getting infections, and increases the length of time that it takes to recover from infection, difficulty staying warm as a result of having less muscle and tissue mass, increasing the risk of hypothermia (the inability to maintain normal body temperature), and.

Is anemia a primary or secondary deficiency?

Secondary nutritional deficiency – It occurs when the body’s ability to absorb nutrients is limited by a medical condition or illness like celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, lactose intolerance, pancreatic insufficiency and pernicious anemia.